Depicted are the Saints Florus and Laurus, the special protectors of the horses, and the Saints Wlassij and Modestus. In the lower part the three cappadocian horsemen Pevsip, Elasipp and Messip with horses at the watering place.
Generally speaking the three persons of the Trinity are not distinguished by inscriptions, however some understood them thusly: Christ at center, above whom is a tree, signifying the wood of the cross, God the Father at left, before a building symbolizing the Church, and the Holy Spirit on the right, below a hill signifying spiritual ascent.
St. John is standing full length in the center. In his left hand he holds a basin with his head. He is surrounded by eight scenes of his life: Archangel Uriel guides the young John into the desert, John’s prayer in the desert, the Annunciation to Zachariah by Archangel Gabriel, the second retrieval of St. John’s head, his birth, the parents Zachariah and Elisabeth with the child John, the beheading of St. John, his head is given to Salome.
The Tax-collector Levi, son of Alphaeus from Kapharnaum, was called by the Lord to follow him. When he became his apostle Christ, gave him the surname Matthew. (Mattai, ‚gift of God,‘ in Aramaic). The first Gospel, the church’s favorite, is Matthew’s memorial: the rest of his apostolic work is lost in the mists of contradiction. That he preached the gospel to the Jews in Palestine for perhaps fifteen years after the crucifixion is fairly sure. It is commonly but not unanimously affirmed that he died a martyr’s death. He is the Patron of the city of Salerno and specially adored by tax-and custom people and accountants.
The icon depicts the crowned Mother of God at center within an aureole atop an ambo and holding the crowned infant Christ. Suffering humans are gathered on both sides, with angels among them. They hold open scrolls upon which is written their petitions “O Most Holy Lady, Mother of God, higher than all the angels and archangels, and more honorable than all creatures, you are the help of the injured, hope of the weak, intercessor of the poor, consolation of the sorrowing, feeder of the hungry, clother of the naked, healer of the ill, salvation of sinners, aid and defense of all Christians!”